History of Architecture 3 (Medieval) - BMEEPETA301
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE 3. (MEDIEVAL) BMEEPETA301 (A0, ER)
Lecturer: László Daragó DLA
Lecturer responsible for the subject: László Daragó DLA
Education form: Exam course
The subject is focused on three main topics of medieval architecture: Early Christian and Byzantine, pre-Romanesque and Romanesque, and finally Gothic. Medieval period was the time, when architectural form was mainly influenced by Christian culture. That is the reason why the vast majority of the subject is dealing with sacral monuments. The boundaries of the period stretch in the timeline over the historic milestones penetrating into previous and following ages: from the 3rd century to the 16th. The geographical validity of the term: medieval overlaps the area of the former Late Roman Empire with its provinces from the Caucasian mountains to the British Isles. The first third of the subject will make the firm bases of the whole semester – that is the time, when the archetypes of the basic building forms were born. During the semester we will follow the changes of these building types. The main goal of the subject is to understand the reasons between the architectural form and the factors determining it – meanwhile gaining a relevant special literacy on the field of medieval architecture. The development of space-covering structures (vaultings) will get an exceptional attention during the semester as their diversity is outstanding in history of architecture in medieval times. Students are obliged to recall at least one building from each sub-chapter (key-monuments) presenting the reasons of their specific architectural forms.
1. During the practises the students are to follow the drawings of vaultings presented during the consultations, but are warmly encouraged to make their own freehand ones. They must produce 2 pcs. of A/3 pencil drawings of the 12 vaultings by means of free-hand. Each vaulting must be drawn with their sketchy plan, two sections and a 3D vision. (No structural depth should be indicated.) They are obliged to recall these drawings during the exams.
2. The semester drawing contains a part of a medieval building presenting 1+2 half of a vaulting bay of the nave in 3D (“partial” or “blown up” perspective or axonometric view). It is possible to accomplish the practice with orthogonal drawings but for a reduced mark (max.: 4). The drawings are not larger than A/3, and are made with pencil or any other graphical presentation. It is also possible to build a virtual 3D model as a digital accomplishment.